Genesis Factors on Fertility
One-sixth of the world’s population experiences infertility, which can be caused by many factors, including:
- Age: The mother’s age plays a significant role in the quality and quantity of her eggs.
- Injury, medical treatment, and hormonal imbalances: These can affect both male and female fertility.
- Genetics: Certain conditions, such as PCOS, are influenced by genetics.
PCOS is a common cause of infertility. It is often caused by insulin resistance, which can disrupt hormonal balance. PCOS can also be caused by long-term inflammation in the body, which can also lead to heart and blood vessel problems if left untreated. Recently, doctors have discovered a genetic link to PCOS. If a close relative (mother, sister, aunt, or grandmother) has PCOS, your risk of developing the condition is higher.
Infertility in women can be caused by a number of genetic disorders. These disorders cause changes in your DNA that can affect your reproductive system. Some of these disorders are passed down from one or both of your biological parents.
GENETIC FACTORS ON FEMALE FERTILITY
Here are a few examples of genetic disorders that can cause infertility in women:
- Kallmann syndrome: This disorder affects the pituitary gland, which produces hormones that control puberty and sexual development. In women with Kallmann syndrome, the pituitary gland does not produce enough of these hormones, which can delay puberty and make it difficult to get pregnant.
- Fragile X permutation: This disorder affects a gene on the X chromosome that is involved in ovarian function. In women with Fragile X permutation, the ovaries do not produce as many eggs as they should, which can make it difficult to get pregnant.
- Turner syndrome: This disorder affects the X chromosome. Women with Turner syndrome are born with either one missing or incomplete X chromosome. This can cause a number of problems, including ovarian failure, which can lead to infertility.
GENETIC FACTORS ON MALE FERTILITY
Male infertility can be caused by a number of genetic factors, including:
- Klinefelter syndrome: a genetic disorder that causes males to have an extra X chromosome. This can lead to infertility because it interferes with sperm production.
- Cystic fibrosis: a genetic disorder that can cause infertility in males, even if they do not have the symptoms of cystic fibrosis.
- Microdeletions of the Y chromosome: a genetic disorder that causes males to have a missing portion of the Y chromosome. This can lead to infertility because it interferes with sperm production.
These are just a few of the many genetic factors that can cause infertility. If you are concerned about your fertility, it is important to talk to your doctor. They can help you to determine if you have any genetic factors that may be affecting your fertility and can recommend treatment options.