Avoid Bruising After IVF Injections

Bruising where an injection has been inserted is a common occurrence and nothing to worry about. But how does it happen, and what can be done about it? This way, you can return to work quickly after the IVF injection…

How does such a bruise occur?
As soon as the needle pierces a vessel, blood seeps out of the vessel and forms a hematoma (bruise). The larger the vessel or the puncture hole, the faster blood drains out of it. The composition of the blood also plays a role: the thinner the blood, the longer it takes for the blood to clot, and thus the more time the blood has to flow out of the vessel. Therefore, thin blood is more likely to cause bruises, and larger ones at that.

Therefore, it is important to inform the doctor if you are taking blood-thinning medications. Pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen, as well as dietary supplements like fish oil and vitamin E, thin the blood. It’s better to avoid these medications if you are about to undergo injectable treatment.

Cooling after treatment
Cold causes the blood vessels to shrink. Once the vessel is punctured anyway, less blood will spill out than if the vessel is warm/large. Thus, cooling the area before and after treatment can also help prevent/minimize bruising.

Choice of Technique
In terms of technique, the doctor may opt to use a cannula. This is a needle with a blunt tip and an opening on the side. As a result, puncturing vessels becomes much more difficult, reducing the likelihood of damage.

Furthermore, for certain treatment indications, it’s possible to perform the puncture at varying depths, such as on the bone, where fewer blood vessels are present. This reduces the likelihood of puncturing a blood vessel.

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If bruising occurs, rest is recommended. Ensure that blood pressure in the face does not rise unnecessarily. Therefore, avoid heat (such as saunas or hot baths) and drastic changes between hot and cold temperatures. Try to avoid strenuous activities such as sports, heavy lifting, or intense cycling. Keep your head elevated above your heart; you can do this by placing an extra pillow under your head while sleeping. Avoid positions where your head is below your heart, such as handstands or the downward-facing dog yoga pose.

  • Applying ice packs frequently can help reduce swelling.
  • Also, To minimize the risk of bruising, it is recommended to administer the medication in a different location each time.

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